English is West Germanic language. Furthermore it is part of the Indo-European language family that is made up of more than 2.5 billion speakers and thus is the most widespread language family today. Because of the great influence, English had from the 18th Century onwards in various fields (economic, political, military, cultural), the language nowadays is the most widespread language and the leading language of international dialogue. It is an official language in the European Union and learned in countless countries as a second language. What is more, English is an official language in 53 countries, has over 690 million speakers and therefore is most spoken language worldwide. Countries, in which English is the official language are, for example, Great Britain, USA, Canada or Australia.
Because English as a language is so widespread, it is not surprising, that many regional accents and dialects have emerged throughout the many different areas in which English is spoken. The various dialects and accents often differ in lexical, grammatical and phonetic features and can sound very different than the official language. Primarily, English is of Germanic origin, but there are many features that were borrowed form Romance languages. Even nowadays English is always undergoing alterations, because of its widespread use in so many different parts of the world.
Another variety you always can witness in English surroundings, are the different possibilities to pronounce the vowels. Just the letter a, for example, already has six different ways of pronouncing it. Combination with other vowels just widen the possibilities. The fact that many words sound different than the written word, can be credited to the fact that English is rather etymological than phonetic.
Something that is often appreciated by learners of English is the fact that English lacks flectual endings and thus vocabulary is much easier to learn. There is only one exception, however: if a regular verb follows the 3rd person singular, you have to add a suffix s (drink--> he/she/it drinks).
There are 26 letters in the English alphabet which also matches the Latin alphabet. No special forms or diacritics can be found in English.
With the help of Lingi, you can translate any word from English to any other language or vice versa. You can use it for free and it's easy as abc.